The legal power of a court to hear and decide a particular type of case. It is also used as a synonym for jurisdiction, i.e. the geographical area for which the court has jurisdiction to rule on cases. These terms are just a small selection of many that you need to know in the legal field. See the following websites for more definitions. With regard to civil actions in « justice » and not in « law ». In English legal history, courts could order the payment of damages and could not afford any other remedy (see Damages). A separate « justice » court might ask someone to do something or stop doing something (e.g., injunction). In U.S.
jurisprudence, federal courts have both legal and just power, but the distinction is still important. For example, a jury trial is usually available in « legal cases, » but not in « equity cases. » Clause: Paragraph or subdivision of a legal document such as a contract. There has long been a need for clearer language and more accessible legal terms in legal documents. President Nixon ordered the use of « profane terms » in the Federal Register in 1972, and President Obama signed the Plain Writing Act in 2020 to « promote clear communication that the public can understand and use. » Right to privacy: A generally accepted legal right to be left alone and to live a life free from publicity or unwarranted intrusion. A violation of the right to privacy may give rise to a cause of action or a tort claim. A court decision in a previous case with facts and legal issues similar to a legal dispute currently being heard by a court. Judges « generally follow precedents, » that is, they apply the principles established in previous cases to rule on new cases that have similar facts and raise similar legal issues. A judge will disregard precedents if a party can prove that the previous case was tried incorrectly or that it differed significantly from the current case in some way. Continued: A temporary stay or postponement of legal proceedings. Common Law – The legal system that originated in England and is now used in the United States.
It is based on court decisions and not on laws adopted by the legislator. For one important reason: with sufficient legal justification to take action. Implicit: When the intention of the parties is not demonstrated by direct conditions, but results from the surrounding circumstances or behavior. Habeas Corpus – A memoir often used to bring a prisoner to justice to determine the lawfulness of his detention. A prisoner who wants to argue that there is no sufficient reason to be detained would file a writ of arrest in habeas corpus. It can also be used to bring a person into custody to court, to testify or to be prosecuted. A legal process to address individual and corporate debt issues; in particular, a case filed under one of the chapters of Title 11 of the United States Code (the Bankruptcy Code). Jurisprudence: The collective legal system, including jurisprudence; the philosophy of law. Whether you`re just starting a new job or have been loyal to a law firm for years, it seems like there`s always new legal jargon to learn. These mysterious words will play an important role in your career as a paralegal, so it`s important to familiarize yourself with basic legal terms (often referred to as « artistic terms ») and common legal expressions (often referred to as « specialized terminology »). The study of the law and the structure of the specific advantage of the legal system: A remedy available to an aggrieved party if the remedy is inadequate, where a defendant may be required to pay in accordance with the terms of a contract instead of paying pecuniary damages. Recourse: Recourse to claim damages or assert legal action.
Legal issue: Disputed point of law subject to a judicial decision. THE LEGAL IMPOSITION OF AN ENFORCEABLE SENTENCE FOR A CRIMINAL OFFENCE. Also known as DEATY PENALTY. The Glossary of Legal Terms defines more than 100 of the most common legal terms in easy-to-understand language. The terms are listed in alphabetical order and can be best accessed by selecting a letter here: demurrer (dee-muhr-ur): A formal response to a complaint filed in a lawsuit that argues for dismissal and actually says that even if the facts are true, there is no legal basis for a lawsuit. Examples include a necessary element missing from the fact or a complaint that is unclear. The judge can accept and « allow the change, » which gives the plaintiff the opportunity to amend the complaint. If it is not amended to the satisfaction of the judge, demurrage is granted. (Some states use a motion to dismiss.) Paralegal: A person who is trained to perform various legal tasks but is not licensed to practice law. Delict: From the French word for « wrong », a tort is an illegal or illegal, intentional or accidental act, in which harm to others is suffered.
Intentional tort may also constitute a criminal offence such as assault, fraud or theft. Tort law is one of the most important areas of civil law. Incapacity: Lack of sufficient legal, physical or intellectual power to take action. In criminal law, the constitutional guarantee guarantee guarantees that an accused receives a fair and impartial trial. In civil law, the legal rights of a person who is confronted with an adverse act that threatens freedom or property. Option: An ongoing offer to sell that must be accepted by the option holder under the terms of the option, and if it is not accepted within the specified period, the right to do so will be forfeited. Expert: A witness with experienced training or experience who is authorized to give advice in legal proceedings. This article specializes in lawyers. The list contains the most important legal terms in alphabetical order. Each word contains a definition and an example sentence. Title: The legal basis for the ownership of real or personal property or a document that serves as proof of such property. Certificates for real estate and titles for cars and boats are examples of titles.
Called the language of legal documents, legal language is a big part of the legal field and therefore will be a big part of your work as a paralegal. Precise and formal language, dotted with unusual, even archaic words, has made legal language, used even for basic legal terms, frustrating and largely incomprehensible to the average person. But legal jargon has been a part of the legal world for hundreds of years, so one thing is for sure: it`s not going anywhere.